Both attention-deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and anxiety disorders affect children as well as adults. ADHD usually manifests through difficulty focusing and disruptive behavior, whereas anxiety disorders are usually marked by excessive fear or tension, as well as physiological arousal.
The primary types of treatment for ADHD are stimulant medications, such as Ritalin and Adderall, and psychological treatments. Similarly, the most common treatments for anxiety disorders include medication, such as antidepressants, and psychotherapy.
Stimulant medications have shown to be highly effective with treating ADHD, reducing symptoms by as much as 75 percent. However, in the treatment of anxiety disorders, the efficacy of psychoactive drugs varies widely depending on the type of disorder.
One of the most effective psychological treatments for ADHD has been intensive behavioral therapy that includes validation techniques. Similarly, cognitive behavioral therapy has been highly successful in treating anxiety disorders, helping people to challenge and manage negative thoughts and emotions.
Studies have shown that intensive behavioral therapy may be as successful as stimulant medications for treating ADHD. For some types of anxiety disorders, such as obsessive-compulsive disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder, behavioral treatments may also be more effective long-term.
Both ADHD and anxiety disorders rarely improve without treatment and can significantly complicate the lives of those affected, as well as the lives of those around the affected. However, a wide variety of treatment options are available for both types of disorders, and many of these treatments have proven to be highly effective.