Adults with ADHD typically have a lot of trouble with executive functioning. This means that they have trouble making plans, keeping appointments and going about day to day activities. They also have trouble concentrating and focusing on tasks for long periods of time.
An adult who believes he has ADHD should go to a psychologist. The psychologist can perform a variety of tests which will measure working memory, executive functioning and focus. The psychologist will attempt to determine if the person has any cognitive deficits. If the person does he may be diagnosed with ADHD.
Adults with ADHD have a lot of trouble functioning in society. They are no less intelligent than normal, but they have a lot of trouble concentrating and finishing tasks. Their self-esteem may be impaired, and they may not have as high a level of education as a similar adult without ADHD.
The standard treatment for adults with ADHD is stimulant medications such as Ritalin and Concerta. These medications calm down the mind of people with ADHD, reducing symptoms and improving executive functioning. Alternative treatments include changes in diet and changes in lifestyle.
With medication or another type of treatment adults with moderate levels of ADHD may become more productive at work and at school. They may not have as much trouble concentrating and may stay on task more easily. They may finish their jobs more readily and feel better about themselves.
Although commonly associated with children, ADHD is also a problem in adults. The National Alliance of Mental Health estimates that about 50 percent of children with ADHD outgrow their problem. The other 50 percent do not, and continue to struggle with ADHD into their adult years.