According to the Mayo Clinic, paranoid schizophrenia is characterized by chronic psychosis (break from reality). The most common psychotic features are delusions and auditory hallucinations.
Paranoid schizophrenics typically experience delusions of grandeur, persecution, exalted birth, special mission, jealousy or physical alteration. Auditory hallucinations feature voices that threaten, mock, command, whistle or hum.
Signs of paranoid schizophrenia observable to others include weight fluctuation, poor hygiene, aloofness, anger, verbal confrontation, indecisiveness, confusion, odd words or actions, isolation and talk of suicide.
According to Health Square, although the exact cause of paranoid schizophrenia is still under debate, studies suggest that a combination of genetic, environmental and neurological factors are at the root of the disorder.
Paranoid schizophrenia requires diligent life-long management. Commons treatments include drug therapy, psychotherapy, vocational skills training, electroconvulsive therapy and hospitalization.
Famous people with paranoid schizophrenia include Eugene O'Neill, Ed Gein, Tom Harrell, John Nash and Lionel Aldridge.
Paranoid schizophrenia is a subtype of several forms of schizophrenia. Although, according to the Mayo Clinic, paranoid schizophrenics may be more functional than other types, it is nevertheless a severe and debilitating mental illness.