Nowdays, medical research confirming the health risks of smoking is well established. Cigarettes, according to Netdoctor.co.uk, contain over 4,000 chemicals, including 400 toxic substances. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention cites that 443,000 people die each year from the effects of smoking, making it the single most preventable cause of death. Despite this, many people find quitting difficult due to the addictive nature of nicotine. Herbal alternatives can provide an effective substitute for nicotine, as well as counteract the negative side-effects that accompany giving-up.